Tour in Mtskheta

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1) Mtskheta Municipality is located in the Mtskheta-Mtianeti region in eastern Georgia. This area was still inhabited during the Bronze Age, as indicated by the courtyard of the principality, Tsitsamuri, Narekvavi and others. From the beginning of the 1st millennium, the great shifts characteristic of the life of the largest political entity in the East also influenced the history of Mtskheta. The invasion of a strong cultural stream in Mtskheta significantly affected the life of the city until the 3rd - 4th centuries. According to legend, the city was founded by the ethnarch Mtskhetos. Since the end of the 4th century, Mtskheta has been the political center of the newly created Kartli (Iberian) kingdom. According to legend, Nino, a missionary from Jerusalem, preached Christianity in Mtskheta at the beginning of the 4th century. In 326, Mirian III adopted a new religion, and Christianity became the state religion. Legend is known that with the prayer of St. Nino there was a gust of rain and hail storm and broke the idol of Armaz. At the beginning of the VI century, Dachi Ujarmeli moved the capital from Mtskheta to Tbilisi. Mtskheta lost its political significance, although it remained a religious center. In the early Middle Ages, the construction of a cult building took place in the city. In this period, the Principality, the Cross, Antioch and much more were built. 736 and 738 in the years of the Arab commander-in-chief Murman ravaged the city and destroyed Armazzikhe. At the beginning of the 15th century, it was destroyed by Temurleng. The value of Mtskheta gradually decreased, and after the accession of Russia to Kartli, Mtskheta was a small village in Dusheti Mazra. Mtskheta became a separate district in 1930-34, today it has the status of a city and a municipality. The Transcaucasian Railway passes on the territory of the municipality, and the first hydroelectric power station, Zagsi, is also located here. The region has developed agriculture, leading industries: vegetable growing, horticulture, viticulture, horticulture, livestock, grain crops. The Mtskheta municipality has 1 theater, 4 museums and 41 libraries. On the territory of the municipality there are numerous monuments of historical and cultural significance. Mtskheta cultural monuments are included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. The area is also characterized by the beauty of nature. A diverse culture and wonderful views of different times will not leave anyone indifferent and attract many tourists.


2) Jvari Monastery- a temple and monastery of the VI century, located east of Mtskheta, at the confluence of the Mtkvari and Aragvi rivers, on top of a rocky mountain. Mtskheta Cross is included in the UNESCO World Heritage List. Immediately after conversion to Christianity, King Mirian erected a high wooden cross, which was worshiped by other Christian peoples in the Caucasus. Guaram of Kartli, Eristavi, built a small church next to the Cross, which is now called the Small Cross. At the end of the 6th century and the beginning of the 7th century, the son of Guaramita Eristimarau Stefamoz I built a large church next to a small church, in which today there is a cross with a wooden cross. The cross of Mtskheta is the first example of cross-type churches; it represents a new stage for sculptural sculpture. Other existing buildings around the monastery (tower, fence) are later. On the facades of the temple are religious and historical figures, as well as ancient inscriptions.


3) The Cathedral of Svetitskhoveli - the Georgian Orthodox Church, the main patriarchal cathedral, the mother cathedral of Georgia, the place of intronization (erection) i.e. The ceremonial accession to the throne of the Catholicos Patriarch of Georgia, the burial place of many kings of medieval Georgia, their families and patriarchs, a monument of Georgian architecture of the 11th century, one of the four largest of the cathedral (Oshki, Bagrati Cathedral, Alaverdi). Svetitskhoveli is located in Mtskheta, 20 km from Tbilisi.


4) Shiomgvime - one of the most prominent monasteries of Georgia of the early feudal period. Located in Kartli, Mtskheta municipality, 40 km from Tbilisi, on the left bank of the Mtkvari River. It was founded in the second half of the 6th century by one of the Assyrian fathers of Shio. According to sources, Shio spent the last years of his life in a dark and deep cave buried there after his death (hereinafter referred to as “Shio Cave”, “Shio Cave”). His grave was considered a sacred place in Shiomgvim. Shiomgvime was also the site of the ancient Georgian cultural-doodle. These include Shio Mgvimeli, Vasily Karrici (XI century), Arsen Ikaltoeli, Arsen Berry, George Hutsemmonazoni (XIII-XIV century), Theodosius (1878-1881) and others.



Tour route: Tbilisi> Mtskheta> Jvari Monastery> Svetitskhoveli Cathedral> Shiomgvime> Tbilisi