Tour in Samegrelo

More information
Duration:

1 Day

Location:

Zugdidi

1) Samegrelo is a historical - geographical side of western Georgia that covers the territories between the rivers Rioni, Tskhenistskali, Enguri and the Black Sea. Its central city is Zugdidi. The Samegrelo region had a great strategic importance throughout its history, because of this, it became the object of numerous invasions by armies of the Romans, Byzantines, Mongols, Turks, Persians, Russians and others. This region is rich in cultural monuments of different eras and impressive nature, blue lakes and very beautiful canyons.  In ancient times, Samegrelo was a part of the Kingdom of Colchis. Colchis completely covered the territory of present-day western part of Georgia. Prior to the modern era, the region was also known as Lazika and Egrisi. Its political center was Archeopolis (or Nokalakevi). The myth of the Argonauts and the Golden Fleece is related to Nokalakevi. The Romans conquered this area in the first century BC and ruled it for almost 400 years. In the XI century, the western and eastern Georgia were united into one kingdom, which existed until the XI century. By the end of the XI century, Georgia was divided into three independent states: Kartli, Kakheti and Imereti. Several principalities were created, one of which was Odishi. It covered the whole territory of present-day Samegrelo. From the middle of the XII century through the XIX century, Odishi was ruled by the representatives of the Dadiani family. In 1803, Odishi became a protectorate of Russia. By this time the eastern Georgia was already under the Russian rule. In 1918, Georgia declared independence and Samegrelo became a part of the new democratic country. Today the territory of the principality of historic Samegrelo is part of Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti administrative region.

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2) Zugdidi (Dadiani Family Castle)  is a municipality located in Samegrelo Zemo Svaneti. Its territory has been inhabited since ancient times. There are many settlements dating from the Early Bronze Age (3rd millennium BC) to the ancient period (VI BC - IV century BC). During the Hellenistic period, a significant trade route was running through the territory of modern Zugdidi municipality and the transportation of trade goods was carried to the Hellenistic world. In the written sources Zugdidi first mentions monk Egnatashvili in 1572. According to scientists, Zugdidi, Zurgdidi, Zugidi - means a big hill in Megrelian. This was called the hill, which was later called Mantskhvarkarish Suki (the hill of the Savior's Door), the name of which was later adopted by the city.  Zugdidi City, which is present-day administrative centre of Zugdidi, was an important city in ancient Georgia. During the reign of Levan II Dadiani, the Odishi principality was the strongest among the kingdoms of western Georgia. Zugdidi, as the capital of this principality, has become a very important city. Zugdidi municipality with ancient history is distinguished by its beautiful nature and important cultural monuments. Here you will find ancient settlements, historic fortresses and medieval temples. The most famous sightseeing of Zugdidi is the Dadiani Palace, which impresses the visitor with the architecture and exhibits.

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3) Martvili (former Gegechkori; former Martvili- renamed on March 19, 1936; Old title- Chkondidi) - city and municipality in western Georgia, in the Samegrelo Region, the administrative center of Martvili Municipality. It is located on the bank of Abashistskali River. It was declared a city in 1964 and was called “Gegechkori”. There are industrial enterprises, health, education and cultural institutions in the city. In Martvili, there is Chkondidi Eparchy and the residence. The city is connected to the residence by a cableway.

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4) Okatse Canyon - is located in the territories of the village of Gordi in Khoni municipality. For those who love extreme tours, there is a hanging trail which takes approximately 2-3 hours of walking. Okatse canyon route is very interesting for extreme lovers. It has a pedestrian route which goes through Dadiani historical forest, 780 m length hanging trail and finishes with panoramic view, where visitors can take memorable photos by Smart-Selfie Camera, installed nearby.

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Tour Route: Tbilisi>Zugdidi (Dadiani Family Castle)>Martvili>Okatse Canyon>Tbilisi

 

Author: https://georgiantravelguide.com/

 

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